Long-chain amino alcohol that bears an approximate similarity to glycerol with a hydrophobic chain attached to the 3-carbon. Forms the class of sphingolipids when it carries an acyl group joined by an amide link to the nitrogen. Forms sphingomyelin when phosphoryl choline is attached to the 1-hydroxyl group. Gives rise to the cerebroside and ganglioside classes of glycolipids when oligosaccharides are attached to the 1-hydroxyl group. Not found in the free form.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sphingosine — Structure de la sphingosine Général Nom IUPAC 2 aminooctadec 4 ène 1,3 diol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sphingosine — ● sphingosine nom féminin Dialcool azoté dont les dérivés N acylés se rencontrent dans les sphingomyélines, les cérébrosides et les gangliosides. sphingosine [sfɛ̃gozin] n. f. ÉTYM. 1879; du grec sphiggein « enserrer étroitement ». ❖ ♦ Chim.,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sphingosine — sphingosine. См. сфингозин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Sphingosine — chembox new ImageFile = Sphingosine 2D skeletal.png OtherNames = Formula = C18H37NO2 PubChem = 1104 MolarMass= 299.492 CASNo = 123 78 4 Density= MeltingPt= BoilingPt=Sphingosine (2 amino 4 octadecene 1,3 diol) is an 18 carbon amino alcohol with… …   Wikipedia

  • sphingosine — The principal long chain base found in sphingolipids. SYN: (4E) sphingenine, sphingol. * * * sphin·go·sine sfiŋ gə .sēn, sən n an unsaturated amino diol C18H37NO2 obtained by hydrolysis of various sphingomyelins, cerebrosides, and gangliosides *… …   Medical dictionary

  • sphingosine — sfingozinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CH₂)₁₃CH=CHCH(OH)CH(NH₂)CH₂OH atitikmenys: angl. sphingosine rus. сфингозин ryšiai: sinonimas – (2S,3R,4E) 2 amino 4 oktadecen 1,3 diolis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • sphingosine — noun Etymology: Greek sphingos (genitive of sphinx) + English 2 ine; from riddles it posed to its first investigators Date: 1881 a long chain unsaturated amino alcohol C18H37O2N found especially in nervous tissue and cell membranes …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sphingosine — /sfing geuh seen , sin/, n. Biochem. a basic unsaturated amino alcohol, C18H33(OH)2NH2, produced by the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin or gangliosides. [1881; earlier sphingosin, equiv. to sphingo , comb. form repr. Gk sphínx SPHINX + intrusive s +… …   Universalium

  • sphingosine — noun An unsaturated aliphatic amino alcohol associated with the lipids of brain tissue …   Wiktionary

  • sphingosine — n. amino alcohol produced by the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin or gangliosides (Biochemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

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